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Article III:

Article III of the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, and specifies how the lower courts in the federal system are to be created.

Section 1 of Article III reads:

"The Judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office."  

Last Updated:  7/8/2015