Section 2: The Structure and Nature of Policing

Fundamentals of Policing by Adam J. McKee

In Section 2, we delve into the complex world of policing, exploring its varied structure and the multifaceted nature of law enforcement in the United States. This section is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the different levels and functions of policing, shedding light on how each component fits into the broader law enforcement landscape.

Section 2.1: Police Functions

We begin with an exploration of the fundamental functions of police forces. This subsection provides insight into the daily roles and responsibilities of police officers, ranging from crime prevention and investigation to community engagement and maintaining public order. We’ll examine how these functions have evolved over time and how they vary across different jurisdictions.

Section 2.2: Federal Law Enforcement

Next, we turn our attention to federal law enforcement agencies. Here, we discuss the roles of organizations such as the FBI, DEA, and Homeland Security, among others. This subsection aims to elucidate their specific mandates, jurisdictional authority, and how they collaborate with other law enforcement bodies to address national security concerns and cross-state criminal activities.

Section 2.3: State Agencies

State agencies form a critical layer in the law enforcement hierarchy. In this part, we explore the scope and responsibilities of state-level agencies, including state police and highway patrols. We’ll look at how these agencies operate within their respective states, their roles in upholding state laws, and their interaction with both federal and local law enforcement entities.

Section 2.4: Local Agencies

Local agencies, comprising city and county police departments, are often the most visible and accessible form of law enforcement to the public. This subsection examines the role of local agencies in community policing, local crime control, and their vital position in the criminal justice system.

Section 2.5: Styles of Policing

Finally, we explore the different styles of policing. This includes traditional models such as ‘watchman,’ ‘legalistic,’ and ‘service’ styles, and how these approaches impact community relations and effectiveness in law enforcement. We will also consider modern policing strategies and how they are adapted to meet contemporary challenges.

ISection 2 offers a detailed and insightful journey through the various layers and aspects of policing, providing essential knowledge for understanding the complexities and challenges of law enforcement in today’s society.


Modification History

File Created:  08/15/2018

Last Modified:  12/12/2023

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This work is licensed under an Open Educational Resource-Quality Master Source (OER-QMS) License.

Open Education Resource--Quality Master Source License



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