Fundamentals of Policing

Fundamentals of Policing by Adam J. McKee

Policing is a complex and evolving institution that has played a pivotal role in the fabric of societies throughout history. The intent behind the establishment of policing systems, the structures they adopt, the methods they employ, and the challenges they face are deeply intertwined with the social, political, and cultural contexts of their respective times. Understanding these nuances is not only essential for those directly involved in the profession, but also for every citizen who wishes to engage actively and constructively in the discourse about public safety, rights, and community welfare.

This Open Educational Resource (OER) textbook is designed to provide readers with a comprehensive exploration of the multifaceted world of policing. As you navigate through its sections, you will journey through the annals of history to understand how policing evolved over time and how it shaped, and was shaped by, society.

Section 1 delves into the development of modern policing, taking you from ancient times to the early reform era. This historical perspective allows us to appreciate how policing has been both a reflection of society’s needs and an instrument of societal change.

Section 2 unravels the structural intricacies of policing. From the sprawling federal agencies to the hyper-local units, understanding the diversity in policing structures is crucial to grasping their functional implications.

Section 3 provides a crucial backdrop against which all policing actions are gauged—the legal environment. We will delve into the constitutional provisions and liabilities that govern and guide policing in the United States.

Section 4 gives insights into the practical world of police methods. From patrols that form the frontline of policing to specialized units dealing with unique challenges, this section offers a microscopic view into the day-to-day operations of the police force.

Section 5 delves deeper into the internal workings of the police organization. It touches upon topics like recruitment, the inherent subcultures within police forces, and the challenges they face in establishing legitimacy.

Finally, Section 6 explores the concept of community policing—a philosophy and strategy that seeks to bridge the gap between the police and the communities they serve, fostering trust, cooperation, and mutual respect.

Each section is enriched with learning resources, providing a holistic learning experience. As you embark on this journey, it is our hope that you gain a deeper appreciation for the complexities, challenges, and rewards of policing. May this textbook serve as a foundation upon which you can build informed opinions, initiate constructive dialogues, and contribute positively to the ever-evolving landscape of community safety and welfare.

Table of Contents


Modification History

File Created:  08/14/2018

Last Modified:  10/18/2023


This work is licensed under an Open Educational Resource-Quality Master Source (OER-QMS) License.


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