Criminal Justice | Learning Resources | Section 4.3

Criminal Justice: An Overview of the System by Adam J. McKee

Section 4.3: Police Methods

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Learning Resources

Learning Objectives
4.3(a) Explain why the patrol division is referred to as the “backbone” of policing.
4.3(b) Describe the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment, and its implications for law enforcement practice.
4.3(c) Compare and contrast proactive policing with reactive policing.
4.3(d) Describe the origins and methods of Problem-oriented Policing.
4.3(e) Define and describe the major components of Community-oriented Policing.

Slide Presentations

For the Classroom:  INTRO-Section-4-3-presentation

For Printing: INTRO-Section-4-3-print

Present from the web:

Key Terms

  • Automobile Patrol
  • Community Oriented Policing (COP)
  • Community Policing
  • Control Group
  • Foot Patrol
  • Herman Goldstein
  • Hot Spot
  • Investigator
  • Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment
  • Line Officer
  • Police Union
  • Problem Analysis Triangle
  • Problem-Oriented Policing (POP)
  • San Diego Field Interrogation Study
  • Stakeholder
  • Town Hall Meeting

Download a Printable Vocabulary Study Guide [PDF]: Intro_Section_4.3

In your more advanced courses and in your future career, your understanding of many technical and legal terms will be taken for granted.  It is vital that you take the time to really understand the terms presented at the end of each section of this course.  We’ve gone to great lengths to provide you with assistance in mastering this vocabulary.  Don’t forget that there is an extensive glossary that defines all of the bold terms that you will encounter in your reading.  In addition, the vocabulary for each section has been made available on a very useful website called  This site has a wide selection of flashcards for you to study, memorize, test yourself on, and more.  Cram also has a large app store so you can find other mobile flashcards for your Android, iPhone, or Windows device, allowing you to take your flashcards on the go. There are even games that add some fun to learning important terms.

Study Flashcards for this vocabulary on

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Last Updated:  04/21/2021

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